Whitewashing Book Covers: A Trip to Barnes & Noble Part II

Allie Jane BruceAllie Jane Bruce is Children’s Librarian at the Bank Street College of Education. She guest bloggerbegan her career as a bookseller at Politics and Prose bookstore in Washington, DC, and earned her library degree from Pratt Institute. She tweets from @alliejanebruce and blogs at Bank Street College.

Part 1 | Part 2

Students contemplated book covers

Students contemplated book covers

Over the course of the last academic year, I co-taught a year-long unit that allowed a sixth-grade class to explore prejudices in books and the book industry. After studying how book covers and content can marginalize groups (we studied treatments of race, ethnicity, gender, body image, sexuality, class, ability, and more), we took a field trip to Barnes & Noble—by far my favorite piece of the project. The kids exited the store with steam issuing from their ears.Society is almost afraid of putting a dark-skinned or Asian character on the cover of a book.

The next night, I read their reflections with joy, wonder, and, I’ll confess, a tear or two in my eye:

  • “It was sickening to look at all the stereotypes, the assumptions.”
  • “I think I was on the girls’ side of the bookshelf, but even so, that just shows that Barnes & Noble separates their books by gender.”
  • “I know that kids’ minds aren’t developed enough to understand these issues, but as they grow up, I hope they realize how serious this issue really is. People have the right to like any color they want and be anything they want to be.”
  • “Society is almost afraid of putting a dark-skinned or Asian character on the cover of a book. I feel like these are minor forms of segregation.”
  • “I didn’t see a book with a biracial main character . . . it is not fair in any way.”
  • “In the chapter book section, I saw that most of the books that had non-Caucasian characters didn’t have that character on the cover.
  • “On the covers, I saw thin, pretty girls. I didn’t see any overweight girls or anyone with acne. I think that these covers shape an idea of perfect in a girl’s mind, and make them want to be like that, even though everyone was born perfect.”

My colleagues agreed that viewing Barnes & Noble’s book displays with a critical, well-informed eye was an invaluable experience for the kids. Diversity Director Anshu Wahi says, “[Our librarian] Allie is very diversity-conscious in the [Bank Street] library, so going to Barnes & Noble helped them see that this is a real problem in the wider world. It really opened their eyes.” Humanities teacher Jamie Steinfeld adds, “A lot of them were thinking about how what they saw affects their younger siblings and cousins. It made the whole unit more important to them.”Barnes & Nobles

As their final reflections show, this group of kids no longer needs me, or any grown-up, to filter societal messages and stereotypes for them. They have built their own internal filters, and aren’t afraid to speak up when those filters catch something. This group will be more wary of microaggressions and less apt to place blame on victims for being too sensitive. And, though it’s cliché to say it, they’ve taught me. They’ve shown me that when I see injustices, I can talk to kids about them, rather than trying—and failing—to push everything under the rug. And most of all, they’ve given me the gift of observing, over the course of the year, how they have built themselves into caring, compassionate human beings.

Part 1 | Part 2

6 Comments

  1. Posted November 22, 2013 at 9:29 am | Permalink

    This is very troubling — parts 1 and 2.

  2. Posted November 22, 2013 at 9:35 am | Permalink

    Reblogged this on race4ourlives and commented:
    Both parts of this series is terrible.

  3. Posted January 13, 2014 at 10:15 pm | Permalink

    I already wanted to be a queer librarian and this articled just enforced that.

  4. Gillian B
    Posted January 14, 2014 at 7:57 am | Permalink

    I’m a trainee teacher looking for ideas for my students. This is strong, serious stuff and I have every intention of bringing it up with year 5 and 6 students.

    I’ve also noticed the difference between the US and UK versions of “Rivers of London” – the UK version has a quirky map of London. The US version, titled “Midnight Riot”, used to feature the protagonist, Peter Grant. But Peter is mixed race (African mother), so people apparently thought he was the villain. The book now has a silhouette instead. It stinks.

    My mother bought me the Ezra Jack Keats books when I was little. I’ve demanded them for the next couple of generations. A boy learns about snow, then about younger sisters … I don’t think I realised when I was a kid how unusual it was to have a black kid in a book who wasn’t dumb or a sidekick.

  5. Posted January 15, 2014 at 4:50 pm | Permalink

    Emmett – please do become a librarian! We would love to have you.

    Gillian – I’m so glad you are inspired to do your own work in this area! I assume you teach in the UK. Please feel free to check out my posts at Bank Street’s blog for more info: http://bankstreetcollegeccl.wordpress.com/2013/03/18/part-i-are-all-covers-created-equal-bank-street-6th-graders-weigh-in-on-race/

    And if you want to get in touch re:teaching methods/materials, message me on twitter: @alliejanebruce

  6. Kiara Jenkins
    Posted January 23, 2014 at 3:45 am | Permalink

    Now I really want my stories published! My cousin and I have been doing this very thing since middle school. Now that we are of age I feel we should really push to get our stories out their so our generation and beyond can have stories that relate to them.


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